In Sovu, Ngorero, in Northwest of Rwanda, there is a high incidence of WASH-related mortality due to lack of access to drinking water and sanitation facilities, and poor hygiene practices are prevalent.
The total population is estimated to be 5.000 to 6.000 people.
The region needs its current water infrastructure rehabilitated and expanded to meet current needs.
EWB NL will provide technical and engineering support.
In Sovu, Ngorero, there is a lack of access to drinking water and sanitation facilities, and poor hygiene practices are prevalent.
These absent facilities lead to a high incidence of WASH-related mortality. Also, women and children walk long distances to fetch water, this affects their health but also economic productivity, as it takes up a significant portion of their time. Because of the lack of water available, people don’t have enough water to use for basic hygiene. The total population is estimated to be 5.000 to 6.000 people.
In the project area, there is an unreliable piped water system in place, which serves part of the population that lives in the villages along the road that the pipeline follows. However, there is also a large part of the community that is not served by this system and relies on protected springs, unimproved springs, and surface water
1) Increased access to safe drinking water
In order to increase the access to safe drinking water the current water supply system should be rehabilitated. New supply systems for the most rural populations should put in place. Furthermore, the management of the water infrastructures should be strengthened to ensure maintenance.
2) Increased access to basic sanitation and improved hygiene practices
The maintenance of latrine facilities, such as cleaning and emptying, should be increased. Households should be ensured with basic showers and hand washing facilities. Furthermore, effort should be put on educating the population on hygiene practices. A wastewater management system should be put in place, also for the solid waste of the latrines.
3) Financial sustainability
The project should be financially sustainable, this means independent from external financing but a strong payment system should be enforced to ensure the necessary funds for operation and maintenance of the water supply systems and future wastewater management.
The project should be set up in such a way that it can be replicated in other locations that cope with similar problems.
In the project area, we have identified two target populations. The populations served by the piped water system that live along the road and the people that live in the most rural setting that will not benefit from a repaired pipeline. The rehabilitation of the piped water system will be the first phase of the project, and we estimate three visits will be necessary to achieve all outcomes. The first visit will focus on repair of the leakages, cover up eroded parts, and improve the structure at the main source. The second visit will concentrate on re-connecting and clean the reservoirs. The final visit of phase I will be to round off and can additionally serve as a kick-off for the second phase.
The second phase, focusing on WASH, could be seen as a new project within EWB-NL, needing different expertise.
The third and fourth phase has the population living in the most rural settings as the target audience.
EWB-NL should develop a new ownership model for this group.