Sumba is one of the poorest islands in Indonesia. For local people, especially women and children, the day revolves around obtaining enough water. Several times a day they have to travel several kilometers to fetch water for living.
Deforestation has set in motion a downward spiral. The soil is exhausted and prone to erosion. In the past decade the length of the rainy season has reduced from six months a year, back to only three months a year. This lack of water leads to serious, WASH-related health issues and also to malnutrition.
SOS, the Dutch organization: “ Steun Oost Soemba (Support East Sumba) ”, has contacted Engineers Without Borders Netherlands for engineering help of several small villages in the Eastern, most dry and deforested part of Sumba. Located in different locations in East Sumba, the environment and circumstances vary. This means they all have their own unique water related challenges.